Birds of Seabrook Island

COAST BIRDS
  Contents
  Index
WORLD BIRDS
  Contents
  Index

ANECDOTES

  Long-billed Dowitcher
 
 

BACK - NEXT

 

Species Acct.
Loons
Grebes
Procellarids
Pelicans
Herons
Ibises
Storks
Vultures
Flamingos
Waterfowl
Raptors
Turkeys
Quail
Rails
Limpkin
Cranes
Shorebirds
Gulls
Terns
Auks
Doves
Parrots
Cuckoos
Owls
Goatsuckers
Swifts
Hummers
Kingfishers
Woodpckrs
Flycatchers
Shrikes
Vireos
Crows/Jays
Larks
Swallows
Tits
Nuthatches
Creepers
Wrens
Kinglets
Gnatcatchers
Thrushes
Mimids
Starlings
Pipits
Waxwings
NW Warblers
Tanagers
NWSparrows
Cardinalines
Icterids
Finches
OWSparrows

TOP

     
View More Pictures
  Order Charadriiformes - Plovers, Sandpipers, Gulls, Terns, Auks
   Family Scolopacidae - "Sandpipers"
      Tribe Limnodromini - Dowitchers

  Charadriiforms are a diverse group of shore and aquatic or wading or terrestrial birds. They include the sandgrouse, shore birds, gulls and terns, and alcids. The majority breed in the Northern Hemisphere.
   The Tree of Life includes shorebirds with the Ciconiiformes.
Sandpipers are a diverse group of shorebirds with bills not swollen at the tip. Most live in association with water. Short-billed forms feed on the surface using vision. Long-billed forms probe in mud and their prey is located by touch or smell. Tides influence their feeding cycles.   
Dowitchers are medium-sized, stocky shorebirds with long, straight bills and pale eyebrows. They feed in mud or shallow water, probing with a rapid jabbing "sewing-machine" motion. In flight they have a barred tail leading to a white rump patch extending up their back between the wings.
 
Dowitchers
 
     
  Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolapaceus
 
Cornell     USGS     Wiki    ToL     EoL
        WINTER, MIGRATION - Rare / Rare
            FRESH WATER FLATS, IMPOUNDMENTS
MORE PICTURES
 
   Long-billed Dowitchers are stocky with long bills and have a white-rump and dark tail, visible when flying. There is a prominent eye-line on each side of the head. As breeding approaches, the neck and belly become rufous.
Long-billed Dowitcher
     
Long-billed Dowitcher. Monterey Bay Aquarium
   
  RANGE: The Long-billed Dowitcher breeds on the Arctic Coast of NWT and Alaska. In winter they move to the Pacific coast from Oregon south, and to the Atlantic coast from the Carolinas to southern Florida and the southern Gulf coast south to Guatemala.
  BREEDING: Monogamous. ? broods. Their nesting area is largely confined to the Arctic coastal regions, farther north and west than the short-billed. Long-billed Dowitchers build a scrape in grassy tundra that is usually near water. The bottom of the nest is often wet. It may be lined with leaves and grass. Females lay 4 (3-4) eggs which are incubated for 20-21 days - by both sexes at the start and at the end primarily by the male . Development is precocial. Young leave the nest after hatching. They female typically departs at about the time the young hatch. The male cares for the young.
  DIET: They eat aquatic insects and other invertebrates. In migration and over winter they eat mollusks, marine worms and crustaceans. They may also feed on seeds at times. They forage by wading in shallow water (or wet mud) and probing deeply with their bill. They move slowly and deliberately as they feed.
  VOICE: The long-billed's flight call is a high, sharp "keek" or "pweek," sometimes repeated in an accelerating sharp series. Flocks also give a constant soft chatter while feeding (short-billed flocks are silent).
  NOTES:
   Checklists -
      Kiawah - rare, year round.
      Coastal - uncommon winter visitor. Hilton Head - uncommon winter visitor. Huntington Beach - exceptional April, July - September, February.
      Caw Caw - uncommon summer and fall. ACE - rare/absent/absent/occasional.
   CBC: ACE 0, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1; Charleston 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 8, 0, 0.
            McClellanville 0, 0, 0, 135, nc, 11, 14, 3; Winyah Bay x, x, 1, 0, 0, 360, 280, 0.
   P&G: Uncommon winter visitor. 30 November - 20 April. Maximum, 100 Jasper Co., 20 January 1978.
   Avendex: 18 records. Scattered. 392 birds, Savannah Spoil Area, April 13, 2002.
  Avendex
     Potter: Regular but uncommon fall migrant along our coast and a rare winter resident and spring migrant. Fall birds are usually seen between mid-September through January. By contrast, the Short-billed Dowitcher's fall migration reaches its peak in July and August. Long-billed Dowitchers are seldom seen on saltwater mudflats - they frequent shallow fresh and brackish ponds and flats. They may be found at the Yawkey WMA (Georgetown) and Santee NWR (inland at Lake Marion).
  ●   Voice is important in identifying the species (see above). Long-billed Dowitchers favor fresh water. They are not on the Seabrook Island list but that may, in part, be due to the difficulty in identifying them. A sighting of 6 was recorded in May, 2002 in the North American Migration Count on Seabrook, probably in the Golf Course areas. Rare / accidental.
   Look for them on the beach after mid-September (Avendex records have them present year round).
       
    Banner - Long-billed Dowitcher. Monterey Bay Aquarium.
       
NEXT
 

KEY:    ■ Seabrook list     □ Kiawah list