Birds of Seabrook Island

COAST BIRDS
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WORLD BIRDS
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ANECDOTES

  Bachman's Warbler
 
 

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  Order Passeriformes
   Suborder Passeres - Oscines (Song Birds)
      Parvorder Passerida (Superfamily Passeroidea)
         Nine-primaried Oscines
            Family Parulidae - Wood-Warblers (New World Warblers)

  Passerines are generally smaller than non-passerines. They have a perching foot with three toes directed forward and the one backward with locking tendons to facilitate perching when their tendons are flexed. All passerines scratch by bringing the foot over the wing. Incubation ranges from 11 -21 days. Young hatch blind with little or no down and spend 10-15 days or so in the nest - development is rapid and parents provide care beyond fledging.
Oscines are passerines with complex syringeal musculature used to produce varied vocalizations. 
Passeroids include the Nine-primaried Oscines, pipits, Old World sparrows, and weavers.
Nine-primaried Oscines include New World warblers, icterids (New World blackbirds), emberizines (buntings), tanagers, cardinalines (cardinals), and fringillines (finches).
New World Warblers are small and mostly arboreal, nine-primaried oscines with slender bills. Many are sexually dimorphic with brightly colored nuptial plumages. More northerly populations are migratory.  Our most obvious permanent resident is the Pine Warbler. Northern Parulas and Yellow-throated Warblers are prominent breeding warblers. In winter, look for the most abundant North American warbler, the Yellow-rumped Warbler, the less abundant Palm Warbler and Orange-crowned Warbler. The Black-and-white Warbler is a common migrant. Many other warblers may be found on Seabrook during migration, especially in the fall when their identification may be difficult.
Vermivora includes relatively plain warblers with simple trilled songs. They lack white tail spots and contrasting wing patterns and their basic and alternate plumages are similar. They nest on or near the ground. They may probe when feeding.
     
     
  Bachman's Warbler, Vermivora bachmanii
 
      Wiki     EoL
        SUMMER - Extinct
           LOWLAND FOREST
 
 
   Bachman's Warbler is now believed to be extinct. There have been no sightings for more than 25 years. Paul Hamel, one of our graduate students at Clemson, devoted his dissertation to finding a survivor, scouring the coastal plain and Francis Marion forest and I'on Swamp where the species formerly bred.
Note that recordings of the song of this species exist (Cornell collections, Thayer).
 
       
  NOTES:
   Checklists -
      Cape Romain - accidental (old record) - now extinct.
   P&G: No acceptable reports since the early 1960s. Dates: 28 February - 19 July. Egg dates: 27 March - 20 April. Recent reports from Florida, Georgia, and Louisiana were all females (whose identification is problematical in the field).
   Avendex: 7 records. Latest from the I'On Swamp in 1976. April - May, July.
  ●  Extinct.
   
   
 

       
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