Birds of Seabrook Island

COAST BIRDS
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ANECDOTES

  Pine Warbler
 
 

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  Order Passeriformes
   Suborder Passeres - Oscines (Song Birds)
      Parvorder Passerida (Superfamily Passeroidea)
         Nine-primaried Oscines
            Family Parulidae - Wood-Warblers (New World Warblers)

  Passerines are generally smaller than non-passerines. They have a perching foot with three toes directed forward and the one backward with locking tendons to facilitate perching when their tendons are flexed. All passerines scratch by bringing the foot over the wing. Incubation ranges from 11 -21 days. Young hatch blind with little or no down and spend 10-15 days or so in the nest - development is rapid and parents provide care beyond fledging.
Oscines are passerines with complex syringeal musculature used to produce varied vocalizations. 
Passeroids include the Nine-primaried Oscines, pipits, Old World sparrows, and weavers.
Nine-primaried Oscines include New World warblers, icterids (New World blackbirds), emberizines (buntings), tanagers, cardinalines (cardinals), and fringillines (finches).
New World Warblers are small and mostly arboreal, nine-primaried oscines with slender bills. Many are sexually dimorphic with brightly colored nuptial plumages. More northerly populations are migratory.  Our most obvious permanent resident is the Pine Warbler. Northern Parulas and Yellow-throated Warblers are prominent breeding warblers. In winter, look for the most abundant North American warbler, the Yellow-rumped Warbler, the less abundant Palm Warbler and Orange-crowned Warbler. The Black-and-white Warbler is a common migrant. Many other warblers may be found on Seabrook during migration, especially in the fall when their identification may be difficult.
Typical Warblers (Dendroica) include many colorful oscines, some of which are very long distance migrants while others remain here. Most have white spots in their tails and breeding males are brighter than females (they are sexually dimorphic) or males in the fall.

     
     
  Pine Warbler, Setophaga pinus
 
   Cornell    USGS     Wiki     EoL
        YEAR ROUND - Common, breeds / Common
           PINES, HIGH (arboreal)
MORE PICTURES
 
   Pine Warblers are drab with eye rings (a yellow spectacle in adult males), wing bars, and indistinct olive streaks on the side of the breast. The throat is yellowish and the belly and under-tail coverts are white. Pine Warblers can be located by their song - a rapid trill of unslurred notes (much like that of the Chipping Sparrow but more musical - chippys also frequent pines but often feed on the ground). If you hear their trill, look up in a loblolly (or other) pine - you should find this deliberately-moving warbler - winter or summer.
Pine Warbler
     
Pine Warbler. Clemson
   
  RANGE: Pine Warblers are confined to the eastern US, breeding from southern Quebec and Manitoba, around the Great Lakes, east to the Appalachians, and east to the Atlantic coast, south to central Florida, and west along the Gulf coast to eastern Texas and Arkansas. In winter they move from the more northern states to the coast from the Carolinas to central Florida and Texas. Our breeding birds are probably non-migratory.
  BREEDING: Monogamous. They build a cup-shaped nest well out on a limb and high in the tree. The female builds a deep open cut using weeds, grass, bark strips, pine needles, and spider webs. Whe lines it with feathers and lays 4 (3-5) eggs. Both parents incubate for 10-11 days. Young are altricial and fledge after 10 days (not well known). Both parents care for their young. Pairs may raise 2-3 broods/year.
  DIET: They feed on insects and spiders, seeds, fruit, and berries. They forage by creeping along branches.
  VOICE: Their song is described above - it really is more liquid and musical than that of the Chipping Sparrow. Dark-eyed Juncos sound similar but they are unlikely to sing here during mid-winter. Check the internet references for voice samples.
  NOTES:
   Checklists -
      Seabrook (breeds). Kiawah - common, year round (breeds). Edisto- resident.
      Coastal - common permanent resident. Hilton Head - common permanent resident.
         Cape Romain
- common/common (breeds)/common/uncommon. Huntington Beach - common, year-round.
      Caw Caw - common/common (breeds)/common/uncommon. ACE - accidental year-round, breeds.
   Kiawah Island banding - Capn' Sam's spit - 2 Oct 2011.
   CBC: ACE 86, 12, 250, 105, 34, 58, 100, 113; Charleston 85, 41, 49, 316, 338, 75, 95, 64;
            St Helena/Fripp x, x, x, x, x, x, 59, 18; Hilton Head 61, 80, 184, 162, 89, 139, 48, 168; Sun City/Okatie 46, 7, 73, 257, 219, 134, 42, 156;
            McClellanville 62, 106, 110, 485, nc, 25, 392, 113; Winyah Bay x, x, 23, 29, 33, 55, 101, 72; Litchfield/Pawley's 42, 16, 26, 8, 51, 45, 67, 86.
   SCBBA: All counties.
   P&G: Common resident. Maximum: 98, Awendaw/Cape Romain, 27 December 1970; 425, same area, 2 May 1976. Egg dates: 21 March - 24 May.
   Avendex: 1 report (December, above).
   Potter: Common permanent resident of pine forests. An influx of migrants causes the species to become locally very common in fall and winter.
  ●  Common. Pine Warblers are found foraging (and singing) in our loblolly pines year round (pines in mixed stands are also frequented - just drive around Seabrook Island Road with your window open and listen). Inland, non-breeding birds may mix with bluebirds and other warblers in a wide range of habitats in winter but it appears to me that they tend to remain in pines and maintain loose territories here in winter.
   In winter, they will come to suet feeders.
       
    Banner - Pine Warbler. Clemson.
       
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