Birds of the World

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  Coraciae
 
 
 

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Coraciae
 
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Coraciae
Bucerotiformes - Hornbills, Ground Hornbills
Upupiformes - Hoopoes, Wood Hoopoes, Scimitar-bills
Trogoniformes - Trogons
Coraciiformes -
   Rollers, Ground-Rollers, Cuckoo-Rollers
   Motmots, Todies, Kingfishers, Bee-eaters
Galbuliformes - Jacamars, Puffbirds
 
Images:   
Great Hornbill, Eurasian Hoopoe, Narina Trogon, Quetzal, Collared Trogon,
Violaceous Trogon, White-tailed Trogon, Indian Roller, Tody, Laughing Kookaburra,
White-throated Kingfisher
, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Collared Kingfisher, European Bee-eater,
Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Puffbird
 
  Parvclass Coraciae -  
     Order Bucerotiformes - Hornbills, Ground Hornbills
Wiki    ToL      EoL
     Order Upupiformes - Hoopoes,
     
Woodhoopoes, Scimitar-bills
Wiki     ToL
Wiki    ToL      EoL
     Order Trogoniformes - Trogons
Wiki     ToL     EoL
     Order Coraciiformes - Rollers, Motmots, Todies,
        Kingfishers, Bee-eaters
               
Wiki     ToL     EoL
  This very diverse Parvclass of Sibley & Ahlquist (1990) contains groups that are each others closest relatives, but are quite structurally and genetically diverse.
   In their "Parvclass" Coraciae, Sibley and Monroe (1990) list 308 species in 67 genera placed in 5 orders (above). Clements (2007) lists 272 species in two orders Galbuliformes and Coraciiformes). Clements recognizes the Order Galbuliformes with the Jacamars and Puffbirds as a distinct order. He places the other families of the Coraciae in the Order Coraciiformes. Following recent evidence that the jacamars and puffbirds are more closely related to the Order Piciformes (woodpeckers) than to the Coraciiformes, we have moved this group as a separate order following the "Order Coraciiformes."
   The feet of Coraciae vary but usually have three toes directed forward and a hallux. They nest in holes. The young are nidicolous. These are conspicuous birds found around the world in temperate and tropical regions, usually in forested areas, mostly outside North America. Most are brightly colored and have prominent bills. Kingfishers, the only representatives familiar to us, occur in many habitats, usually near water or in woods and forests on all continents and many islands. They are widely distributed in the Old World and tropics around the world. 
   Here's an abbreviated view of this group with the orders and families followin Sibley and Ahlquist (1990) for orders and families, but without the Jacamars and Puffbirds. These could be included in the Superorder Bucerotimorphae or in a wider Order Coraciiformes.

    These orders are heterogeneous with few common characters but they have been historically linked in most classifications and are usually placed within the Order Coraciiformes (Clements, 2007).
   The Tree of Life places the Coraciiformes (kingfishers and allies) as a sister group to the Piciformes (woodpeckers and allies). These two orders are a sister group to the Bucerotiformes (hornbills and hoopoes). This clade is a sister group to the Trogoniformes (trogons). Finally this larger clade is a sister group to the Leptosomatidae (cuckoo roller).
   The Encyclopedia of Life separates the Coraciiformes from the other orders (following Sibley and Monroe, 1990).
   Lacking better information, we will follow Sibley and Monroe, 1990, but move the Superorder Galbulimorphae (jacamars and puffbirds) as a separate order placed between the Coraciiformes and Piciformes.
   Except for trogons, the palate is desmognathous. The pelvic muscle formula is AXY (except in the Alcedinidae in which it is AX). Feet vary but most have three toes directed forward and a hallux. The hypotarsus is complex. The syrinx is tracheo-bronchial in most. They nest in holes. The young are nidicolous.
   
 
   
   
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




 


   
 
    Banner - Laughing Kookaburra. Moreton Island, Brisbane. Australia.